NAMA BATU MULIA

Nama-nama batu Mulia / permata, kristal, dan mineral terkenal
Dalam bahasa Inggris dengan bahasa Indonesia di dalam kurung, berdasarkan urutan abjad:
A
* Amazonite
* Amber
* Ametrine
* Ammolite
* Andalusite
* Apatite
* Axinite
chaly
B
* Beryl
o Permata Aquamarine
o Bixbite
o Permata Emerald (Batu yaspis/jaspis hijau, jamrud/zamrud)
o Morganite
* Bloodstone (batu akik darah)
* Bone
C
* Chrysoberyl (mata kucing): Alexandrite
* Chrysocolla
* Chrysolite (krisolit)
* Chrysoprase
* Coral
* Cordierite
* Cubic Zirconia
D
* Danburite
* Kristal Diamonds (berlian)
* Dinososaur Bone
* Dolomite
* Drusy
E
* Euclase
F
* Fluorite
G
* Permata Garnet (Batu delima, mata kucing): Rhodolite
H
* Heliodore (Beryl)
* Hematite
I
* Iolite
J
* Jade (giok)
K
* Kunzite
L
* Labradorite: Spectrolite
* Permata Lapis Lazuli
* Larimar
M
* Malachite (malakit)
* Montana Agate
* Moonstone (batu biduri bulan, biduri laut)
* Morgan Hill
N
* Nephrite (jade)
O
* Opal (kalimaya)
P
* Padparadscha
* Palmwood
* Permata Pearl (mutiara)
* Pectolite
* Permata Peridot
* Pyrope
* Kristal Pyrite
Q
* Kristal Quartz (Kuarsa): termasuk didalamnya Aventurine, Carnelian, Citrine,
o Kristal Agate (akik)
o Kristal Amethyst (kecubung)
o Kristal Chalcedony
o Onyx (batu krisopras)
o Permata Jasper
R
* Rubicelle (spinel)
* Permata Ruby (Batu merah delima / mirah delima / mirah, Batu nilem, yaspis merah, akik merah, rubi
S
* Kristal Sapphire (Batu nilam, lazurit, safir)
* Spinel
* Permata Sunstone
* Sugilite
T
* Tanzanite
* Permata Tiger’S Eye (mata kucing)
* Kristal Topaz (Batu cempaka, topas, yakut kuning)
* Kristal Tourmaline: Rubelite (merah), Dravite (kuning), Verdelite (hijau), Indicolite (biru)
* Turquoise (Batu yakut biru, pirus)
V
* Violan
Y
* Yag
Z
* Zircon
* Daftar batu permata
Nama-nama Batu Permata berdasarkan urutan Kekerasan menurut Skala Mohs
Skala 10
Diamond
Skala 9
Padparadscha
Ruby Sapphire
Skala 8,5 Chrysoberyl Cubic Zirconia
Skala 8,25 Yag
Skala 8 Topaz Spinel
Skala 7,5- 8 Beryl Phenakite
Skala 7,5 Euclase Zircon
Skala 7 – 7,5 Andalusite Cordierite Iolite Pyrope Rhodolite garnet
Skala 7 Quarz Tourmaline Danburite
Skala 6,5 – 7,5 Grossular garnet Spessartite garnet
Skala 6,5 – 7 Axinite Jadeite Peridot Hessonite garnet Demantoid garnet
Skala 6,5 Chalcedony GGG Hematite Idocrase Scapolite (yellow) Zoisite
Skala 6 – 7,5 Almandine garnet
Skala 6 – 7 Cassiterite Spodumene Olivine
Skala 6 – 6,5 Adularia moonstone Albite moonstone Benitoite Labradorite
Skala 6 Amazonite Orthoclase Rutile Zircon
Skala 5,5 – 6 Anatase rutile Opal Rhodonite
Skala 5 – 6 Turquoise (pirus) Nephrite jade Diopside Lapis Apatite Enstatie Strontium titanate Sphene